Special education is governed by federal law in most educational jurisdictions. Under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Special Education, Specially designed instruction, at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability. Special education is in place to provide additional services, support, programs, specialized placements or environments to ensure.
That all students educational needs are provided for. Special education is provided to qualifying students at no cost to the parents. There are many students who have special learning needs and these needs are addressed through special education.
What Is Special Education?
Some Children are easily identified as candidates for special needs and education from their medical history. They may have been diagnosed with a genetic condition that is associated with mental relation may have a developmental disorder may have visual or hearing disabilities.
In most developed countries, educators are modifying teaching methods and environments so that the maximum number of students are served in general education environments. Special education in developed countries is often regarded less as a “place” and more as “a range of services, available in every school.
A child with a disability is eligible for special education and related services. This term includes a child who is evaluated and determined to have Some various: autism, deafness, deaf-blindness, developmental delay (if your school division allows the use of this category), emotional disability, hearing impairment and
including deafness, intellectual disability, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment, specific learning disability, speech or language impairment, traumatic brain injury or visual impairment, including blindness. If any child suspect from autism then that child needs special education. Autism is considered to be the major eligible categories for various special education services.
If any child is mentally retarded then he/she needs special education. Mental retardation can be determined by the score of child IQ and if child gets below 75 score then he/she is considered to be in the range of mental retardation. Many children needs special education if they are emotional disturbed. Moreover, many children gets disturbed so parents should give them special attention and special education to them.
Severe and intense impairment not fixed by different glasses so in that case child needs special education in order to improve his/her visual ability. Special education is very important and necessary if child suffer from blindness and deaf. If child has learning disability like dyslexia, visual processing disorder and many more disabilities then child needs special education in order to overcome his/her learning disabilities.
Who qualifies as a parent?
Special education law defines parent as:
- Biological or adoptive parent
- Person acting in place of a parent (such as a grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives or a person legally responsible for the child’s welfare)
- Surrogate parent
- Foster parent, under specific circumstances
- Either parent, unless there is evidence of a legally binding Instrument, state law, or court order that has terminated a parent’s parental rights.
The following impairment are listed below about the Special Education
- Cognitive Disability (CD)
- Emotional Behavioral Disability (EBD)
- Hearing Impairment (HI)
- Specific Learning Disability (SLD)
- Orthopedic Impairment (OI)
- Other Health Impairment (OHI)
- Significant Developmental Delay (SDD)
- Speech or Language Impairment (S/L)
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
- Visual Impairment (VI)
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