The question is What is Civil Engineering Technology? So, Civil engineering is a discipline that is involving with the planning, designing, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment. Civil engineering is the most active field in our environment and you can see your future in the better upcoming designation. So, it knows to be one of the oldest engineering disciplines and the broadest field of engineering. Civil Engineering is the first step for the accomplishment of the future in the Civil Line In Pakistan as well.
Its sphere of work includes waterworks, sewers, dams, power plants, transmission towers/ lines, railroads, highways, bridges, tunnels, irrigation canals, river navigation, shipping canals, traffic control, mass transit, airport runways, terminals, industrial plant buildings, skyscrapers, etc. So, professionals in this field are known as Civil Engineers. Civil engineers build the world’s infrastructure and their work area. Includes all aspects of planning and designing a project, constructing the project to the required scale, and maintenance of the product.
What is Civil Engineering Technology
The scope of different fields of civil engineering is provided here below you can see that and analyze it that what is the scope of Civil Engineering in Pakistan and all over the world? So then you can decide whether you should get a civil engineering degree or not.
Civil engineering may be divided into The following fields:
- Building materials
- Construction technology
- Structural Engineering
- Geo technology
- Water Resources and Irrigation Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Town planning
Surveying is the science of map-making. To start any development activity in an area the relative positions of various objects in the horizontal and vertical directions. So, this is approved by surveying the area. Earlier, conventional instruments like chains, tape, and leveling instruments were used. In this electronic era, modern equipment like distance meters and total stations are using to get more accurate results easily. Modern technologies like photogrammetry and remote sensing have surveying easier.
Construction is the major activity of civil engineering which is continuously improving. As land cost is going up there is demand for tall structures in urban areas. While rural areas need is for low cast construction. In fact, one has to develop technology using locally available materials in Pakistan
Shelter is a basic need of civilization. To get good shelter continuous efforts are going on right from the beginning of civilization. Stones, bricks, timber, lime, cement, sand, jellies, and tiles are the traditional building materials. The use of steel, aluminum, glass, glazed tiles, plaster of Paris, paints, and varnishes has improved the quality of buildings. So, the appropriate mixture of binding materials like lime and cement with sand is the mortar
The load acting on a structure is ultimately transferred to the ground. In doing so various components of the structure are subject to internal stresses. For example, in a building load acting on a slab is transferred by slab to ground through-beam, columns, and footling. So, assessing the internal stresses in the components of a structure is structural analysis and finding. So, the suitable size of the structural component is the design of the structure.
Soil property changes from place to place. Even in the same place, it may not be uniform at various depths. The soil property may vary from season to season due to variations in moisture content. The load from the structure is safely transferred to the soil.
Water is an important need for all living beings. The study of the mechanics of water and its flow characteristics is another important field in civil Engineering and it is hydraulics.
Water Resources and Irrigation Engineering:
Water is to be supplied to the agriculture field and for drinking purposes. Hence suitable water resources are to be identified and water is to be stored. Identifying, planning, and building water retaining structures like tanks and dams and carrying stored water to the field is known as water resources and irrigation engineering.
Transportation facility is another important need. However, providing a good and economical road is an important duty of civil engineers. It involves the design of base courses
Proper distribution of water to rural areas, towns, and cities and disposal of wastewater and solid waste is other fields of civil engineering.
Aesthetically good structures are required. Towns and cities are to be planned properly. This field of engineering has grown considerably and has become a course separate from Civil Engineering.
For Further details, You should keep in stay with the Studysols because here we provide All engineering program information very deeply like Civil, Electrical, Electronics, Mechanical, instruments, Software Engineering, Etc. And if you want to ask anything about it so you can comment here in the below-given comment session.