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Facts About Pakistan Economy, Population, Culture, Day and Army

Here are the Facts About Pakistan Economy, Population, Culture, Day and Army in this article. The history of Pakistan is just about more than half a century old but the civilization is far older than ten and thousands of years. Pakistan is a country located in Asia and is being surrounded by several superpowers and controversial countries. In the North-South they have India which are the traditional rivals of the state because before the independence of Pakistan it was a combined country with India and after independence, on the 14th August 1947 it was being divided into two separate nations. Until then Pakistan has been in rivalry with India. In the North there is China; one of the superpowers of the world and a very loyal ally of Pakistan which has stood in hard times with Pakistan.


On the western border, Pakistan has Afghanistan which has been under controversy for so long for rehabilitation of the Taliban and terrorists. In the South West, the border is being shared by Iran one of the very strong Muslim nations. And in the bottom Pakistan shares the border with the Arabian Sea in the South. The total area of the country is comprised of 880,940 square Km or 340,133 square miles. This is the geographical explanation of Pakistan and its neighboring countries.

Facts About Pakistan Economy

The capital of the state is Islamabad with a population of 800,000. Other significant cities which are being renowned include Lahore with a population of 6,311,000. Faisalabad which is being known as the city of textile has a total population of 1,977,000. Karachi which is being renowned for being the heart of the country has a huge population of 11,624,000. Hyderabad the city known for its foodstuffs and architecture has a population of about 1,151,000. While the total population of the country is about 172,800,000 as calculated for July 2008. Such an intense population makes Pakistan the Sixth most populated nation on the Earth.

Facts About Pakistan Population

There are several ethnic groups which are being found in Pakistan amongst which the largest group is Punjabi which comprises up to 44.1% of the total population while the second largest one is Pashtun also known as Pathan which contributes up to 15.4 % of the total population. Other minor groups include Sindhi 14.1%, Siraiki 10.5 %, Urdu 7.6% Balochi 3.6%, and the other minorities comprised the remaining 4.7%.

The official language of Pakistan is English but the national language is Urdu. The birth rate in Pakistan is 3.7 live births per woman which is comparatively high making the total population expand rapidly. The literacy rate in Pakistan for women is 36% due to the conservative thinking of the people mainly in the tribal area while for men it is 63%. The main religion followed in Pakistan is Islam as approximately 95-97% of people are Muslims while the remaining minorities include; Hindus, Sikhs, Christians Buddhists, and many more.

Facts About Pakistan Economy, Population, Culture, Day and Army

Official Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the State Asif Ali Zardari, President
Head of Government  Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani, Prime Minister
Capital Islamabad
Pakistan total Area
 796,095 Sq. km. 
Punjab  205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh  140,914  Sq. km.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa  74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan  347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas  27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital)  906 Sq. km.
Pakistan Population 165 million (estimated)-132 million (1998 census)

Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh, and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Districts

Religion 95% Muslims, 5% others.
Annual per capita income The US $1085
GDP 5.8%
Currency Pak. Rupee.
Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore,  petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
Pakistan Exports
Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items  carpets, sports goods, handicrafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
Pakistani Languages
Urdu (National)  and English (Official)
Pakistan Literacy rate 53%
Government  Parliamentary form
Parliament Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).

The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolizes a process of continuity in national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.

The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats, and 10 non-Muslim seats).

Pakistan National Flag

Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent, and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world, and the rights of religious minorities.

Pakistani National Anthem Approved in August 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds
State Emblem The State Emblem consists of:
1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
2. The shield in the center shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline
Pakistan’s Official Map
Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)
National Flower
National Tree
Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National Animal
National Bird
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Blackbuck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
Popular games
Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
Tourist’s resorts
Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological sites
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Major Cities
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan, and Sialkot
Major Crops
Cotton, Wheat, Rice, and Sugarcane
Agricultural Growth Rate
4.1 % on the average for the last six years–1.5% in 2007-08
Total cropped area
25.01 million hectares
Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
Major sources Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal,  and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity  22763 MW
Facts about Health in Pakistan
Hospitals  916
Dispensaries  4,600
Basic Health Units (BHUs)  5,301
Maternity & Child Health Centres  906
Rural Health Centres (RHCs)  552
Tuberculosis (TB) Centres  289
Hospital Beds  99,908
Doctors (registered)  113,206
Dentists (registered)  6,127
Nurses (registered  48,446
Paramedics  23,559
Lady Health Workers  6,741
Education in Pakistan
Primary Schools
Middle Schools
High Schools
Secondary Vocational Institutions
Arts & Science Colleges
Professional Colleges
Transport & Communication
The total length of roads
 259, 758 km
Pakistan Railway network
 7,791 km
Railway stations
Pakistan International Airlines
It Covers 38 international and 24 domestic stations with a fleet of 49 planes.
Major Airports
Eight (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad, and Gwadar)
Seaports in Pakistan
International Three (Karachi, Bin Qasim, and Gwadar
Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports Three (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)
Post Offices 12,170
Telephone connections 5,052,000
Public Call Offices 217,597
Telegraph offices 299
Internet Connections 2 million
Mobile Phones 10,542,641
Total Labour force  46.84 million
Employed Labour Force  43.22 million
Agriculture Sector  18.60 million
Manufacturing & Mining sector  5.96 million
Construction  2.52 million
Trade  6.39 million
Transport  2.48 million
Others  6.98 million
Media in Pakistan
Print Media (Following Central Media List)
Dailies  540
Weeklies  444
Fortnightlies  55
Monthlies  268
News Agencies
Official APP
Private PPI, NNI, On Line and Sana.
Electronic Media
Public Sector
Pakistan Television Corporation Five TV centers in Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 49 re-broadcasting stations. 6 channels: PTV Home, PTV News, PTV National (Regional programming in Balochi, Pashto, Punjabi, Sindhi), PTV Global (for the U.S.A.), PTV Bolan (PTV Quetta), and AJK TV (Azad Jammu & Kashmir Television – Kashmiri channel for local viewers)
Private Sector
More than 50 channels {Pakistan Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has issued licenses to more than 81 applicants so far}
Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (Radio Pakistan) has 31 radio stations throughout Pakistan besides eight FM stations at Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Faisalabad, Sialkot, and Hyderabad. Besides its World Service in English and Urdu, Radio Pakistan beams its external services in seven languages to different parts of the world.

PEMRA has issued licenses for the establishment of more than 100 FM Radio stations including universities for educational purposes. Several radio stations are already operational in major cities of Pakistan.

Cable Operators  More than 900
Banks in Pakistan
Central Bank State Bank of Pakistan
Nationalized Scheduled Banks First Woman Bank Ltd.
National Bank of Pakistan
Specialized Banks Zari Taraqiati Bank (ZTBL)
Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan
Punjab Provincial Cooperative Bank Ltd
Private Scheduled Banks Askari Commercial Bank Limited
Bank Al-Falah Limited
Faysal Bank Limited
Bank Al-Habib Limited
Metropolitan Bank Limited
KASB Commercial Bank Limited
Prime Commercial Bank Limited
Soneri Bank Limited
Meezan Bank Limited
Silk Bank
Crescent Commercial Bank Limited
Dawood Bank Limited
NDLC-IFIC Bank Limited (NIB)
Allied Bank of Pakistan Limited
United Bank Limited
Habib Bank Limited
SME Banks
Foreign Banks ABN Amro Bank N.V
Albaraka Islamic Bank BSC (EC)
American Express Bank Limited
Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi Limited
Citibank N.A
Deutsche Bank A.G.
Habib Bank A.G. Zurich
Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corp Limited
Oman International Bank S.O.A.G
Royal Bank of Scotland
Standard Chartered Bank Limited
Development Financial Institutions Pakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corp. Limited
Pak Kuwait Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
Pak Libya Holding Company (Pvt) Limited
Pak-Oman Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
Saudi Pak Industrial and Agricultural Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
Investment Banks Crescent Investment Bank Limited
First International Investment Bank Limited
Atlas Investment Bank Limited
Security Investment Bank Limited
Fidelity Investment Bank Limited
Prudential Investment Bank Limited
Islamic Investment Bank Limited
Asset Investment Bank Limited
Al-Towfeek Investment Bank Limited
Jahangir Siddiqui Investment Bank Limited
Franklin Investment Bank Limited
Orix Investment Bank (Pak) Limited
Famous Mountain Peaks
World Rating
K-2 (Chagori)
8616 m
Nanga Parbat
8125 m
8068 m
Broad Peak
8065 m
8047 m
7952 m
7925 m
Disteghil Sar
7885 m
Kunyang Kish
7852 m
Masherbrum (NE)
7821 m
7788 m
Batura I
7785 m
Kanjut  Sar
7760 m
Saltoro Kangri
7742 m
7720 m
Tirich Mir
7708 m
Famous Mountain Passes
Location Province
The Khyber Pass  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The Kurram Pass  FATA
The Tochi Pass  FATA
The Gomal Pass  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The Bolan Pass  Balochistan
The Lowari Pass Chitral (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa)
The Khunjrab Pass  Northern Areas
Rivers in Pakistan
The Indus 2,896 km
Jhelum 825 km
Chenab 1,242 km
Ravi 901 km
Sutlej 1,551 km
Beas (a tributary of Sutlej) 398 km
Famous Glaciers of Pakistan
Siachin 75 km
Batura 55 km
Baltoro 65 km
Deserts in Pakistan
Thar  Sindh
Cholistan  Punjab
Thal  Punjab
Lakes in Pakistan
Manchar Sindh
Keenjar Sindh
Hanna Balochistan
Saif-ul-Maluk Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Satpara Northern Areas
Kachura Northern Areas
Major Dams in Pakistan
Mangla Dam  Punjab
Tarbela Dam  Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
Warsak Dam  Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

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